The name given to the British meal taken mid-afternoon, comprising
finger sandwiches, scones cakes and pastries accompanied by tea. The 7th
Duchess of Bedford is reputed to have given birth to afternoon tea,
early in the 19th century, when she decided to take tea to stave off the
pangs of hunger she suffered between lunch and dinner.
Fulien oolong teas marketed at Amoy.
One of the provinces in China where tea is grown.
A region in northeastern India, known for its robust, high quality teas
characterized by their smooth round, malty flavor.
Sale of tea in an auction room on a stipulated date at a specific time.
Tea auctions are held in India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Kenya and Malawi -
these auctions sell teas from their particular areas.
Teas harvested in autumn and touched with cool weather. The term is
normally applied to teas from India and Formosa.
China tea compressed in a ball to protect it against atmospheric
Japan tea that has been cured in baskets by firing or drying.
Tea made by Australian bushmen in billy cans.
Tea brewing method used in Cashmere. Tea is boiled in a tinned copper
vessel, red potash, aniseed and salt are added before it is served from
a brass or copper, tin-lined teapot.
Tea that has been fired or dried after the fermentation or oxidization
period of manufacture.
Tea taster who decides on the proportions of each different tea required
to produce the flavor of a given blend.
Tea from the Wu-i Hills in Fukien, China. Originally was applied to
black China tea and to tea from Indonesia. In the 18th century Bohea
(Bo-hee) was the name given to the tea drink.
An amount of tea, comprising a given number of chests or sacks of tea.
Common grades of China and Japan tea mixed with stalk and dust and
molded into bricks under high pressure. Originally, these bricks were
used by Asian travellers as convenient way of carrying the tea they need
to drink and the bricks were also used to barter for other goods.
A tea taster who negotiates the selling of tea from producers, or the
buying of tea for packers and dealers, for a brokerage fee from the
party on whose behalf the broker is working.
Butter tea (Tsampa)
Boiled tea mixed with salt and soda, then strained into an urn
containing butter and dried ground cereal (often barley) and churned.
Butter tea is served in a basin and often a lump of butter is added when
serving. It was served in Tibet and then in India.
The most common variety of India tea, produced in Cachar district of
The name given to a tin or jar of tea, which takes its name from the
Chinese or Malayan word 'catty'- a term used to describe the weigh of
one pound of tea. In the past tea caddies were equipped with a lock and
Today, the tea trade’s international botanical name for the tea
Tea taken by camel from China to Russia in the past.
Blends of teas grown on the island of Sri Lanka, which takes their name
from the colonial name for the island. The traditional name of Sri Lanka
was readopted by the island when it became a Sovereign Republic in the
Commonwealth in 1972.
The word for tea derived from the Chinese and Indian languages.
Japanese tea ceremony or party.
Original tea package, normally made of wood and lined with metal foil.
Originally tea chests were lined with lead.
Black China tea from Fujien province.
From the Indian chapna meaning to stamp a number, mark or brand. Each
break of chop of tea is marked.
Green China tea, said to resemble the shape of human eyebrows.
Once a plucker has filled a basket or sack with tea leaf, it is taken to
a collection point where it is checked and weighed before being taken to
the factory for making.
Cuttings taken from old tea bushes to produce new tea bushes. Today most
tea bushes are grown from clones or cuttings taken from older bushes.
A general term used to describe all black China teas regardless of the
area in which they are grown and made.
A term originally used to describe China green teas, other than
Hoochows or Pingsueys.
A tea growing area in North India on the foothills of the Himalayas
Mountains. Teas grown here take their name from the area and are said to
be the 'Champagne' of Indian teas. Grown at altitudes up to 7,000ft
above sea level ( more than 1,291m) Darjeeling tea is known as a
high-grown tea and is light in coloring with a delicate, muscatel flavor
and aroma. The original tea planted in this area was grown from seeds
and plants imported from China.
Tea growing district in Assam, North India.
A tea growing area in the Uttaranchal State, North-west India. Some
30 estates (most of them under 50 hectares) produce green and orthodox
black leaf tea.
One of the seven tea growing districts in Assam.
Tea growing district on the central massif in Sri Lanka. Teas from this
area are known as high grown teas and have a full astringent flavor.
Tea growing district just above Dickoya, which gives its name to a blend
of Ceylon teas from this area and is also used in Ceylon blends. Dimbula
teas are black and characterized by their full-bodied flavor.
A tea growing region of North India just below the Himalaya Mountains
which produce full-bodied colorful teas that are ideal for blending
A black China tea treated with the oil of bergamot which gives the tea a
scented aroma and taste. It was said to have been blended for and named
after the 2nd Earl Grey when he was prime minister of Britain by a
Chinese mandarin after the success of a British diplomatic mission to
English Breakfast tea
A name for the tea blend which originally applied to China Congou tea in
the United States of America. In Britain it was a name applied to a
blend of teas from India and Sri Lanka; today it is used to include
blends of black teas producing a full-bodied strong flavored colorful
A tea growing property or holding that may include more than one garden
under the same managership or ownership. In the past tea estates where
known as plantations.
An island off the Chinese coast formally known as Taiwan which produces
Oolong, Pouchong and black teas made by the Orthodox method.
The name originally given to tea growing plantations or estates. The
Japanese cultivated ìtea gardensî within their temples and palace
grounds and had copied this idea from the Chinese. Today, the term
estate has tended to replace the word garden but teas grown on such tend
to identify fine harvests produced solely from that estate - hence a
single estate tea. Tea garden was also used to describe London pleasure
gardens in England mainly during the 18th century where tea was served
to both sexes.
In USA, it applies to teas being imported into the United States of
America which comply with the standards of purity, quality and fitness
for consumption as defined by the tea examiners under the Food & Drug
Administration of the USA Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
Term used to describe a tea leaf or particle size of leaf.
Tea that is withered, immediately steamed or heated to kill the enzymes
then rolled and dried. It has a light appearance and flavor.
Normally a China tea, but today could be any young tea, which is rolled
into a small pellet-size ball then dried. The finished tea has a greyish
appearance not unlike gunpowder in color which is how the tea gets its
A high-grade Japanese tea produced by a special process in the Uji
district of Japan. It is made from tea grown on shaded bushes.
A tea which was grown on Formosa and which gets its name from the large
silk hankerchiefs that Chinese tea growers used to use to collect their
very fine tippy teas.
The name given to a meal served late afternoon-early evening which is a
mixture of afternoon tea and dinner. The meal comprises a main entree
dish sometimes a pudding or dessert served with bread and butter, cakes
and tea. High tea was the main meal for farming and working classes in
Britain in the past.
A China green tea.
One of the tea growing provinces of China.
A type of China green tea formerly drunk exclusively in Europe and often
the name given there to the tea drink. Young Hyson is this type of tea
which is plucked early.
Tea producer of teas which are bright and brisk.
The document covering a shipment of tea generally synonymous with a
break or chop.
Type of tea bush normally applied to its origin. For example a tea comes
from the China or Indian jat. This means that the tea bushes originated
either from seeds or cuttings from China tea plants or from the
indigenous Indian tea found in Assam.
A tea producing island of Indonesia.
A Ceylon tea , medium grown at altitudes between 2,000ft and 4,000ft
above sea level. Teas from Kandy are also used for blending purposes.
In Himachal Pradesh, North-West India where tea is grown on some 1,200
small holdings each just a few hectares in size. Green tea production
A fine grade of black-leaf China Congou tea produced in the Anhui
An East Africa tea producing country, which produces some of the finest
black teas from the African continent. Kenya teas are used for blending
purposes as well as being sold as specialty tea in its own right. It is
a bright coppery tea with a pleasantly brisk flavor.
The home of the state-owned Kenya Tea Packing Factory from which the
internal market is supplied.
A tea growing district in Assam, North India.
A black tea from China and today Formosa which is smoked giving it its
smoky tarry flavor and aroma.
African tea producer whose teas are mainly used for blending purposes as
they are coloury with good flavor.
Powdered green tea from Japan used in the tea ceremony.
Another term for high tea.
Whole-leaf green tea from Japan similar to panfired but with less
rolling also known as 'porcelain-fired' tea.
A Ceylon tea , high grown at altitudes above 4,000ft above sea-level.
The tea is light with a full citrus flavor.
Nilgiris (Nilgiri / Blue Mountain)
South Indian tea growing district in the sate of Tamil Nadu, which
produces black tea.
One of the seven tea producing districts in Assam.
A semi-fermented or semi-green tea produced in China and Formosa.
A kind of Japan tea that is steamed then rolled in iron pans over
The flat top of the tea bush from which the top two leaf and bud sprouts
on sprigs are plucked.
A kind of scented China or Formosa tea so called from the Cantonese
method of packing tea in small paper packet, each of which was supposed
to be the produce of one choice of tea plant.
Selective cutting back of the tea bush, so that maintains its shape and
helps to keep it productive.
The name given to a glass of hot tea liquor which has been poured into
the glass over a slice of lemon. Sometimes sugar or honey are added. In
some countries this type of tea drink is known as lemon tea. The name
comes from the Russia way of taking tea.
An African tea producer, whose teas are used for blending purposes.
Rwanda tea has a bright coppery color and brisk taste.
Green semi-fermented or black teas that have been flavored by the
additions of flowers, flower petals, fruits spices or natural oils.
Examples of these are Jasmine Tea, Rose Puchong, Orange Tea, Cinnamon
Tea or Earl Grey.
Tea that has been partially fermented before being fired or dried. The
tea has the qualities and appearance halfway between a green and black
The most popular variety of green tea in Japan.
A tea growing district in Assam, North India.
Single Estate tea
A blend of teas from one particular estate or garden.
Black tea from China or Formosa that has been smoked over a wood fire
such in the case of Lapsang Souchong.
A blend of teas that takes its name from the area in which it is grown;
a blend of teas blended for a particular person or event, or a blend of
teas for a particular time of day.
Formosa teas picked in the April-May season.
A large leaf black tea. Originated in China, Souchong tea was made from
a small bush whose leaves were allowed to develop to a large size.
A tea producing island of Indonesia.
Formosa teas picked in the June-September season.
A non-smoky black tea from China, with narrow leaves and flowery
fragrance. Also a tea growing province in China.
The name the tea trade worldwide give to polyphenols contained in tea.
Polyphenols are responsible for the pungency of tea and give its taste.
African tea producing country.
The smoky aroma and taste associated with a smoked black tea such as
A North Indian tea growing district just below the Darjeeling district.
Factory where the plucked leaf is made or manufactured into black or
A tea bush or plant which has been allowed to return to its wild state
and grow back into a tree.
An expert judge of leaf and cup quality tea at all stages of production,
brokerage blending and final packaging.
The bud leaves on a tea bush.
A low grade China green tea. This word was corrupted Twanky, which was
applied to the men manning the ships bringing tea back from China. These
ships often foundered on reaching the British coast and the bodies of
Twankys would be washed ashore to be found by their widows - hence the
name given to the Aladdin character 'Widow Twanky' by a Victorian
A tea growing district in Sri Lanka which produces a tea of great
White Tea come from come from the Camellia sinensis plant, but the
leaves are picked and harvested before the leaves open fully, when the
buds are still covered by fine white hair.
A tea growing province in china producing a black leaf tea. Along with
Assam, this region was the original site of wild tea plants.
Tea producing country of Africa.