International Tea Consultants & Authorised Auctioneers of "Tea Board of India" - Coonoor (TN), Coimbatore (TN) and Cochin (Kerala), India

 

A Glossary of Tea Grades

 

Terms describing the Grading of Black Tea -

Pekoe
Whole leaf black tea produced by a medium plucking of the second leaf on the tea bush. The word Pekoe comes from the Chinese meaning 'white hair' and was originally applied to the early tea plucking, due to the white down on the backs of the young leaf tea.

Orange Pekoe
Black comprising leaf 8 to 15 millimeters long, which has fewer tips than an FOP.

Flowery Orange Pekoe
FOP, can be either whole leaf or broken leaf Orthodox black tea with a lot of tip which gives it a finer quality.

Flowery Pekoe

A whole leaf black tea with the leaf rolled lengthwise.

Broken Orange Pekoe

BOP, black tea comprising broken segments of somewhat coarser leaf, without tip. Can be applied to both Orthodox and CTC teas.

Fannings
Small grainy particles of leaf (1 to 1.5 millimeters) sifted out of better grade teas. Fannings will make a liquor that is often as good as that of a whole leaf grade and its grade which applies to both Orthodox and CTC teas. In the Orthodox teas fannings will include broken orange pekoe fannings (BOPF) and golden orange pekoe fannings (GOPF) which describe the amount of tips in a grade.

Dust
The smallest particle of leaf size in both Orthodox and CTC teas which is normally used for tea bag teas, as they infuse quickly with the full flavor and strength coming through the tea bag material.


TEA GRADES - Terms:
BLACK TEA & GREEN TEA

ORTHODOX BLACK TEA:

ORTHODOX - Whole Leaf:

P

PEKOE - is a grade of black tea. Derived from Chinese word (pe-ko)  also means "fine feathers"

FP

Flowery Pekoe

OP

Orange Pekoe

FOP

Flowery Orange Pekoe

FOP1

Flowery Orange Pekoe -  First Grade Tea

GFOP

Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe

TGFOP

Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe

TGFOP1

Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe - First Grade Black Tea

FTGFOP

Fine Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe

FTGFOP1

Fine Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe - First Grade

FTGFOPS

Fine Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe - Special Grade

FTGFOPS1

Fine Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe - Special, First Grade Tea


ORTHODOX - Brokens:

BP

Broken Pekoe

BP1

Broken Pekoe First Grade

BPS

Broken Pekoe Souchong

BOP

Broken Orange Pekoe

BOP1

Broken Orange Pekoe First Grade

GFBOP

Golden Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe

GBOP

Golden Broken Orange Pekoe

FBOP

Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe

FBOP1

Flowery Broken Orange Pekoe First Grade Tea

 

ORTHODOX - Fannings:

OF

Orange  Fannings

BOPF

Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings

FOF

Flowery Orange Fannings

GOF

Golden Orange Fannings

TGOF

Tippy Golden Orange Fannings

BOPFD

Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings Dust


ORTHODOX - Dust:

PD

Pekoe Dust

CD

Churamani Dust

BOPD

Broken Orange Pekoe Dust

BOPFD

Broken Orange Pekoe Fine Dust

FD

Fine Dust

D

Dust

D1

Dust One

Spl. D

Special Dust

GD

Golden Dust

CTC (Cut-Tear-Curl) BLACK TEA:

CTC - Bolders:

FP

Flowery Pekoe

P

PEKOE

SBOP

Small Broken Orange Pekoe

BOPL

Broken Orange Pekoe Large


CTC – Brokens:

BOP

Broken Orange Pekoe

BOPS

Broken Orange Pekoe Small

BP

Broken Pekoe

BP1

Broken Pekoe One

BPS

Broken Pekoe Small

SBP

Small Broken Pekoe


CTC – Fannings:

BOPF

Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings

PF

Pekoe Fannings

PF1

Pekoe Fannings One


CTC – Dust:

PD

Pekoe Dust

PD1

Pekoe Dust One

CD

Churamani Dust

CD1

Churamani Dust One

D1

Dust One

RD

Red Dust

RD1

Red Dust One

SRD

Super Red Dust

SFD

Super Fine Dust

GD

Golden Dust

FD

Fine Dust

GREEN TEA:

GREEN TEA – Whole Leaf:

YH

Young Hyson

FYH

Fine Young Hyson


GREEN TEA – Brokens:

GP

Gun Powder

H

Hyson

FH

Fine Hyson


GREEN TEA – Fannings:

SOUMEE

Soumee


GREEN TEA – Dust:

Dust

Dust

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International Tea Consultant & Auctioneer, Coonoor, Coimbatore, Cochin, India. Global Tea Brokers is an experienced more then a decade old, professionally managed, International 'Tea Consultant' & Registered 'Tea Auction' Broking Company by 'Tea Board of India' based in Southern India towns of Coonoor (TN), Coimbatore (TN) and Cochin (Kerala). International Tea Consultants, Authorised Auctioneers, Tea Consultants, Consultant, green tea, black tea, indian chai, Global, Global Tea Brokers, Broker, Brokers, Tea Brokers, Auction, Tea Auction, Tea Auctioneers, auctions, market, sale, teaauction, teabrokers, teamarket, teauction, tee, trader, trading, Teaauctioneers, Auctioneer, auctions, Tea, tee, CTC, Black, orthodox, Leaf, Dust, Brokens, Fannings, grades, bulk, packing, bulk packing, Auction Center, Auction Centers, Assam, Darjeeling, Calcutta, Nilgiri, Coonoor, Coimbatore, TN , Cochin , Kerala , Coonoor Tea, Coimbatore Tea, Cochin Tea, Tamilnadu Tea, India, International, Tea Board, UPASI, Registered, Tea Trade Association, Member, JT,